A CDE Definition
A personal computer series introduced in 1985 by Commodore. Amigas gained a reputation early on as advanced graphics and multimedia machines, and NewTek's Video Toaster application brought it to the forefront of economical, high-end video editing.
The first Amiga was the A1000 with 256KB of RAM, powered by a 7 MHz Motorola 68000 CPU. Subsequent models used numeric designations such as 500, 600, 2000, 3000 and 4000, except for the CD-ROM based CDTV and CD32 in the early 1990s. Higher-end Motorola CPUs were also used in later models.
In 1984, Commodore acquired Amiga Corporation, which had developed a video game chipset. Modified for personal computers, the chipset was the key to the Amiga's advanced graphics for that era. Although the Amiga had a devoted following, by 1994, Windows and Macintosh dominated the personal computer world, and Commodore went into bankruptcy.
The technology was purchased by Escom, a German PC maker that sold it to Gateway Computer three years later. Only two years passed when Gateway sold it to a private organization that became Amiga, Inc. Under license, the Eyetech Group sold the more modern PowerPC-based AmigaOne until 2005, which ran a prerelease AmigaOS 4 from developer Hyperion Entertainment. The official release of AmigaOS 4 was early 2007, and Version 4.1 debuted in 2008. Parts, accessories and software are available from Leaman Computing (www.amigakit.com). See Commodore and MUI.
The First Amiga
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