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(Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act) A controversial bill (H.R. 3523) passed by the U.S. Congress in April 2013 that deals with sharing cybersecurity information between the U.S. government and private companies in order to prevent future attacks. Most telecom and computer companies and the national Chamber of Commerce were in favor of CISPA, while organizations such as the ACLU and EFF were against it due to privacy concerns. See EFF.

Passed in late 2015, the Cybersecurity Information Sharing Act (CISA) succeeded where CISPA failed. Touted as the second Patriot Act, opponents claim CISA has detrimental surveillance provisions.


(Electronic Frontier Foundation, San Francisco, CA, A non-profit civil liberties organization founded in 1990 by Mitchell Kapor and John Perry Barlow. It works in the public interest to protect privacy and freedom of expression in the arenas of computers and the Internet. The EFF's mission statement is "to help civilize the electronic frontier; to make it truly useful and beneficial not just to a technical elite, but to everyone; and to do this in a way which is in keeping with our society's highest traditions of the free and open flow of information and communication." First located in Cambridge, MA, the EFF continually monitors the online community for legal actions that may require its support.

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