A CDE Definition
(FELIcity CArd) An NFC-based, contactless smart card technology from Sony, first deployed as the Hong Kong subway's "Octopus" card in 1997. Pronounced "fell-ih-cuh" and popular in Asia, FeliCa is used for transportation tickets, ID cards and digital wallet transactions. It supports multiple services in the same card as well as separate access rights to individual files. Appropriate for turnstiles in the fast-moving train station environment, the system can detect, authenticate and transfer data in 100 milliseconds.
For both contactless and remote transactions, FeliCa can be built into mobile phones, enabling money amounts and other messages to be viewed on screen. Because the technology was designed to give people an enjoyable experience, the name was coined from the word "felicity," which means happiness. See smart card.
A credit card or ID card that contains a chip. When inserted into a reader (contact card) or held within a few inches of the reader (contactless), data are transferred to a central computer. Also called a "chip card," a smart credit or debit card is more secure than cards with a magnetic stripe, because it generates a unique one-time code for each transaction that is impossible to replicate with counterfeit cards. Smart cards can also be programmed to self-destruct if the wrong password is entered too many times. As a financial transaction card, it can be loaded with digital money.
Contactless Smart Cards Are Like Passive RFID
Like an RFID tag used to track merchandise and vehicles, a contactless smart card is also energized by receiving a radio frequency (RF) transmitted over the air. However, the smart card uses a microcontroller that can provide authentication, encryption and financial processing, whereas RFID tags generally contain only identification data. See EMV, NFC, magnetic stripe, PIV, SIM card, RFID, Java Card and FeliCa.
A Smart Contact Card
The Chip Inside
Contact and Contactless
The Smarty Reader
Before/After Your Search Term
Terms By Topic
Click any of the following categories for a list of fundamental terms.