Alan Freedman -- The Computer Language Company - Computer Desktop Encyclopedia
Computer Desktop Encyclopedia
Longest-Running Tech Reference on the Planet

A CDE Definition

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Notes field

A text area for the copy editors that precedes each definition in the source text of this encyclopedia. Added to the source files in 1998, codes identify the date the text was altered. The source text is converted into various formats for distribution, but the Notes field is left intact in the Windows version to keep the copy editors from wading through a long definition if only a small amount of text was changed. See About this encyclopedia.




Codes Are Scanned for Various Purposes
The #chg (minor) and #nchg (major) are used to create lists for the copy editors, while #ref means a link was added, a typo was corrected or an extremely minor change was made. Term lists are generated for the Computer Words You Gotta Know app (#cwgn) for Windows and Tech Term of the Day (#ttod). When CDE became updated monthly in 2007, the month was added to the date.






About this encyclopedia

Updated monthly, our goal is to provide a meaningful definition of everything important in computers, consumer electronics (CE), audio and video. We are not a product catalog, although we do include several thousand hardware and software products that are either popular, unique or have made a meaningful contribution. New terms are essential; however, what makes CDE unique is that it is a complete course in computer literacy, which is continuously revised to make it more readable.



Quite a History
First published in 1981 as "The Computer Glossary," a 300-term, text-only handbook for Alan Freedman's computer literacy seminars, by 1989, the 3,500-term, illustrated 4th edition won the "Best Reference Book of the Year" award from Computer Book Review. The Glossary evolved over nine editions in English with translations into seven foreign languages, making it the most successful dictionary about computers on the market. In 1990, the Glossary was put on floppy disk for DOS, Mac and Windows. Six years later, a greatly enhanced version, renamed "Computer Desktop Encyclopedia" (CDE), was published in print and CD-ROM. Soon after, CDE debuted on the Web, and it was last published in book form in 2001.






The First Edition
To augment Freedman's seminars, the 300-term "The Computer Glossary" was written in 1980 on an 8-bit Vector Graphic personal computer and printed on a daisy wheel printer. The large term names came from Kroytype labels pressed onto the master layout by hand.




A Note from the Author
My goal is to keep this database informative, interesting, accurate and timely. I invite your suggestions for enhancing existing entries as well as for new subjects, terms and buzzwords. I look forward to hearing from you.

Alan Freedman
THE COMPUTER LANGUAGE COMPANY INC.
5521 State Park Road
Point Pleasant, PA 18950
(215) 297-8082
alan@computerlanguage.com





Alan Freedman
Freedman has been in the information industry 58 years, starting out in the days of punch cards. He has been a programmer, systems analyst, consultant and salesman, and for more than half his career, an educator.




Acknowledgments
For more than three decades, hundreds of technical professionals have contributed suggestions, comments and assistance. To all of you, thank you so very much.

I would like to acknowledge the major contributors in the very beginning. Many thanks to Joel Orr, Irving Wieselman, Steve Diascro, Margaret Herrick, Steve Gibson, Leonard Mikolajczak, Paul Bergevin, Garry Dawson, Jagdish Dalal, David Chappell, Thom Drewke, Jeff Hecht, Peter Hermsen, Clive "Max" Maxfield, Terry O'Donnell, Jim Stroh, Pamela Brannan, Walter Levy, Gary Saxer, Mark and Joan Shapiro, Stephen Slade, David Wallace, Bob Williams and the staff at Black Box Corporation.

I especially want to thank Lynn Thompson, our research analyst, for her many thousands of hours of excellent work and devotion.

Last and most important, to Irma Lee Morrison, my wife and partner. Thank you Irmalee. I love you dearly.



Personal Use Only

Before/After Your Search Term
BeforeAfter
Note 7Notes ViP
Note 8notification
Note Edgenotification fatigue
note takingNotLong
notebookNOTS
notebook computernotspot
notebook coolernotwork
notebook tabletNougat
NotepadNova
notesNovaNET

Terms By Topic
Click any of the following categories for a list of fundamental terms.
Computer Words You Gotta KnowSystem design
Job categoriesUnix/Linux
Interesting stuffPersonal computers
InternetIndustrial Automation/Process Control
Communications & networkingAssociations/Standards organizations
HistoryDesktop publishing
Audio/VideoGraphics
MainframesSecurity
ProgrammingHealthcare IT
System design