A CDE Definition
Packard Bell NEC
(Packard Bell, The Netherlands, www.packardbell.com) A major PC manufacturer that is the consumer brand of NEC Computers International and the home computing market leader in the U.K. and much of Western Europe.
Packard Bell's history dates back to 1926 when it was founded as a consumer radio manufacturer and later entered the defense electronics industry. It was acquired by Teledyne in 1968. In 1986, Beny Alagem and a group of partners acquired the Packard Bell name from Teledyne and formed Packard Bell Electronics. This company pioneered sales into the mass-market retail chains in the late 1980s and was the first to offer toll-free support to end users. In 1995, Packard Bell acquired Zenith Data Systems and, in 1996, merged with NEC's personal computer operations to become Packard Bell NEC. NEC reorganized its PC business worldwide in 2000, with Packard Bell closing its U.S. offices and focusing exclusively on Europe's consumer market. See NEC.
(NEC Corporation, Tokyo, www.nec.com, www.necus.com) An electronics conglomerate known in the U.S. for its monitors. In Japan, it had the lion's share of the PC market until the late 1990s (see PC 98).
NEC was founded in Tokyo in 1899 as Nippon Electric Company, Ltd. and was the first Japanese company to joint venture with a foreign enterprise, which was Western Electric Company, then part of AT&T. NEC has been involved with electrical, communications, electronics and computer products worldwide. In 1983, it was renamed NEC Corporation.
In 1985, as part of NEC Technologies (NECT), the North American subsidiary that specialized in peripherals, NEC introduced its MultiSync line, the first multifrequency monitors, which became very popular. In 1996, the CromaClear line combined the aperture grille and shadow mask into a new CRT technology for improved resolution. In 2000, a joint venture was formed with Mitsubishi to market LCD and CRT monitors. In 2005, this NEC-Mitsubishi business unit was renamed NEC Display Solutions (www.necdisplay.com).
In 2002, NEC restructured many of its disparate parts into NEC Solutions, which concentrated on communications. The semiconductor and system LSI business was separated into a new company, NEC Electronics Corporation (www.necel.com). In 2006, operations of NEC solutions were further combined, and NEC Corporation of America was formed. For more information, visit www.necam.com. See Packard Bell NEC.
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