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RPG

(1) (Role Playing Game) See CRPG.

(2) (Report Program Generator) One of the first program generators designed for business reports, introduced in 1964 by IBM. In 1970, RPG II added enhancements that made it a mainstay programming language for business applications on IBM's System/3x midrange computers. RPG III and RPG IV added more enhancements and have been widely used on the AS/400. RPGLE added the "Integrated Language Environment (ILE)," which enables C, Java and other modules to be integrated into the program.

Until RPGLE, all processing statements were written in strict columnar format. The following RPGLE example changes Fahrenheit to Celsius. The A lines are Data Description Specs (DDS) code. They define a display file and are compiled separately. The F line links the processing code (C lines) to the A lines:


 A                      DSPSIZ(24 80 *DS3)
 A R FHEITR
 A                      CA03(03 'End')
 A                  6 18'Enter Fahrenheit:'
 A   FRHEIT  3Y 0B  6 42DSPATR(PC)
 A                      EDTCDE(J)
 A                  9 18'Celsius is:'
 A   CGRADE  3Y 0O  9 42DSPATR(PC)
 A                      EDTCDE(J)
 A                 23  8'F3=End'

 FFheitd   CF  E    Workstn

 C *IN03  DoWEq  *Off
 C        ExFmt  Fheitr
 C        Eval   CGrade=0
 C        Eval   CGrade=((Frheit-32)*5)/9
 C        ExFmt  Fheitr
 C        EndDo
 C        Seton                        LR





CRPG

(Computer Role Playing Game) Role playing on the computer, typically in a fantasy environment, although some take place in a medieval setting. A major characteristic of CRPGs is the user's ability to move freely throughout the venue.

In the 1970s, Dungeons was the first CRPG, modeled after the table top Dungeons and Dragons. Such games were played as text only on a mainframe or Unix machine, although the PLATO system offered some graphical alternatives. Today's CRPGs exploit the high-speed graphics capabilities of modern computers to the fullest. See MMORPG.



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