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canvas element

A major feature of HTML5 that allows graphics and animations to be rendered within a Web page (HTML page) on the fly. Originally developed by Apple for its Safari browser and used in Firefox, Opera and Chrome, canvas adds extensive 2D graphics programming to JavaScript. By including canvas in HTML5, canvas competes with proprietary platforms for creating rich Internet applications (RIAs) such as Flash, Silverlight and JavaFX. See HTML5.



HTML5

(HTML Version 5) The latest generation of HTML. HTML5 provides a comprehensive development platform for Web pages that eliminates the need to install third-party browser plug-ins such as Java and Flash. HTML5 supports 2D graphics (see canvas element), document editing, drag and drop, browser history management, audio and video playback (see HTML5 video) and local file storage (see Web storage). After 10 years of development, the W3C made HTML5 a formal standard in 2014.

HTML, JavaScript and Style Sheets (CSS)
HTML5 consolidates and formalizes previous coding methods. Although JavaScript had been the de facto HTML programming language, HTML5 made it part of the standard. The same goes for style sheets (CSS), which are separate files that define the page formatting. Prior to HTML5, CSS was an option; however, in HTML5, certain layout tags are no longer permitted in the body of a page and must be defined in the style sheet (see Cascading Style Sheet).

HTML5 and XHTML5
To ensure compatibility, both HTML5 and XHTML5 were developed in parallel. See XHTML and HTML.



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