Alan Freedman -- The Computer Language Company - Computer Desktop Encyclopedia
Computer Desktop Encyclopedia
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A CDE Definition

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The standard networking name (hostname) for "this computer," the computer you are working in. In a TCP/IP network, localhost is the name of the machine at the loopback address, which for testing purposes sends signals back to the computer instead of out to the network.

Reserved Domain Names
The IETF has reserved the top-level domains (TLDs) ".localhost," ".invalid," ".example" and ".test" for private testing. Should any URLs with these domains accidentally enter the global Internet, they would be dropped. See loopback address and hostname.

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local LANlocality of reference
local looplocalization
local memorylocalized
local networklocally
local oscillatorlocally attached
local resourceLocalTalk
local searchLocation
local shared objectlocation app
local storagelocation aware
local variablelocation-based services

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