A CDE Definition
Using robots in the operating room to assist the surgeon in performing surgery. The surgeon views the patient via a terminal and manipulates robotic surgical instruments via a control panel. Views of the organs being worked on are transmitted from tiny cameras inserted into the body.
Such robots are considerably less invasive than normal operating room procedures because the instruments can be inserted into much smaller incisions in the human body. This type of "laparoscopic" surgery means less pain and less scarring, and patients recover much faster.
Since the patient and surgeon are separated by an electronic console, it also enables "telesurgery," which allows the surgeon to perform the operation in a remote location. See telesurgery.
A medical technology developed by SRI International that allows a surgeon to operate long distance. By combining advances in imaging, video, robotics and sensory devices, the system gives doctors the full sensory experience of hands-on surgery. Wearing a pair of specially polarized glasses and sitting before a console showing a high-resolution 3D image of the patient, the surgeon is actually doing the operation. Also called "telepresence surgery." See telemedicine, 3D surgery, telepresence and robotic surgery.
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